Usted buscó por: "Mercuro, Nicholas,"

Presumption and the practices of tentative cognition

Cambridge ; Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Descripción: xiii, 181 páginas : ilustraciones

ISBN: 0521864747 (hardback)

The Legal Roots of Presumption: What Presumption is All About. Presumptions as Procedural resources. Presumption beyond the Law

Presumption and Burden of Proof: Introduction. Burden of Proof and of Reply. The Weight of a Burden. Cognitive Rationality and Burden of Proof. Presumption and Skepticism

Cognitive Presumption and Truth: Cognitive Fundamentals. Some Aspects of Cognitive Presumption. Principles of Presumption. Defeasibility and the Role of Presumption. Presumptive Truth. Presumption and Plausibility. Presumption and Probability

Validating Cognitive Presumptions: The Purposiveness of Presumption. Justifying Presumptions. The Question of Validity. How to Assess Success. The Import of Experience: Avoiding Circularity Cultural Evolution as a Teleological Process: Rational Selection

Presumption and Inquiry: Presumptions in Rational inquiry. Presumption and the Diallelus. Presumption and the Contrast between Foundationalism and Coherentism. Coherentism and the Evidential Grounding of Claims to Truth

Default Reasoning: Default Inference. Facing the Prospect of Error. Induction as Default Reasoning. Default Reasoning as Nonmonotonic. Some Comforting Considerations

Presumption and Trust: The Advantages of Cooperation. Building up Trust: An Economic Approach. The Rationale of Epistemic Trust. Trustful Interaction as a General Benefit. The Presumptive Credibility of Common Sense. The Matter of Risk. The Presumptive Credibility of Experts

Presumption and Communication: Communicative Presumption. Truth Conditions and Use Conditions. Communication and the Presumption of Normalcy. Truthful Communication as a General Benefit Enterprise. Rational Economy as the Crux

Presumption in Science and Beyond: Presumptions in Science. Induction and Cognitive Economy: The Economic Rationale of Simplicity Preference. Trans-Scientific Presumption. Presumption and the Judgment of Elites

Specificity Prioritization and the Primacy of the Particular: Specificity Prioritization. The Rationale of Specificity Prioritization. A Curious Inversion: The Case of Counterfactuals. Natural versus Unnatural Counterfactuals. The Key Lesson. Conclusion

Dismissing Extremely Remote Possibilities: Introduction. Effectively Zero Probabilities. How Small is Small Enough?. Why Accept a Threshold of "Effective Zerohood"?. The Question of Validation. Overcoming a Problem

Conclusion.



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